# 4thTech Elements
# Smart Contracts
Smart contacts are essentially code or rules written into a digital program and were written to facilitate 4thTech unique requirements.
In the case of FOURdx, a smart contract executes the following:
- saving unique ID (e.g. represent a unique id of the data file);
- deliver links (i.e. represents a link of the data file);
- represent a name (i.e. represent the name of the data file);
- provide a description (i.e. represents a description of the data file).
In the case of FOURim, a smart contract executes the following:
- saving instant messages from the sender;
- retrieving instant messages from receivers.
In the case of FOUR STAKING, a smart contract executes the following:
- transferring tokens from sender to contract address;
- creating lock schedule metadata with locking details (e.g. token amount, lock period, transaction cost discount, etc);
- enable the transfer of tokens from contract to sender address once lock period is over.
# The FOURdx smart contracts in production
|Ethereum||0x82cebDEabB79FdFaB70649834ddD85f42b6B9464||Link (opens new window)|
|Ethereum Kovan||0xa334fe6279Fb2BaEC093bB083426cadA1017d4E4||Link (opens new window)|
|SI-Chain (HashNet testnet)||5452790f993b65608c4bb85a318193f8ebb77a753f601280f8||Link (opens new window)|
|Edgeware||jM7MuqQNvUdg67hjf8g3WqB2VYEfWpojUsBpdsVT9uPBePU||Link (opens new window)|
|Solana DevNet||9fdByGW3FymQEwWYHuA9ZXdEQPsiLa3DwpjgF8pCyhWc||Link (opens new window)|
|Solana MainNet||9fdByGW3FymQEwWYHuA9ZXdEQPsiLa3DwpjgF8pCyhWc||Link (opens new window)|
# The FOURim smart contracts in production
|Solana DevNet||Hk5f9Xw9PdaQ9GEg8TPVFusojLA9otDpUkziXw1hAVE5||Link (opens new window)|
|Solana MainNet||Hk5f9Xw9PdaQ9GEg8TPVFusojLA9otDpUkziXw1hAVE5||Link (opens new window)|
A database represents an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically. There are 4 databases forming in the 4thTech system;
MySQLdatabase is used to store; (1) user nicknames; (2) platform settings; (3) user wallets, and; (4)
RSApublic key for data encryption. Data exchange within the
MySQLdatabase is protected with an HTTPS connection and a firewall. In the case of a user request, it is possible to delete any user-related data to comply with
- data file cloud repository is used for the temporary 7-days storage of encrypted data files that are exchanged between wallets in the dMail process. The decryption of the data files is possible only with a private key of the user. Data file cloud repository is protected by a firewall. In the case of a user request, it is possible to delete any user-related data to comply with
- local storage is used to store; (1) FOURwaL private keys; (2) dChat short messages, and; (3) user-initiated backup of conversations, data files and reports. The security of local storage is in the users domain;
- blockchain (
Ethereum, Tolar HashNet, Substrate, Solana) is used to store; (1) a link to the encrypted metadata file and timestamp (dMail); (2) encrypted message, timestamp and sender address (dChat). The overall security of the blockchain network depends on its decentralization, while the access security depends on the users private key safety measures.
# Multi-Blockchain Interoperability
Multi-blockchain support enables transaction cost and speed choice, which is especially important when dealing with public blockchains. Next, to already supported
Ethereum, three additional blockchains were added to support 4thTech dID, dMail and dNotary, all chosen based on their uniqueness. The support for Tolar
HashNet protocol was added in v1.0 already in July 2020, while
Edgeware, a Polkadot Substrate was added in v2.0. Solana blockchain support was added in Q2 2021 with the aim to enable a private, immutable on-chain dChat. Tolar
HashNet can handle a high volume of transactions, while the platform ensures valid, scalable usage which makes it perfect for Enterprise applications. Substrate
Edgeware is a high-performance, self-upgrading WASM smart contract platform, in the Polkadot ecosystem. It is a Substrate based blockchain built using the Rust programming language. Smart contracts are written in Ink! programming language. Ink! is a Rust-based eDSL for writing Wasm smart contracts specifically for the Contracts module.
Solana is the next generation censorship-resistant blockchain with over 500 validators, extreme transaction speeds and low cost. Special logic was added into programing, which enables us to add additional blockchain support when needed.
4thTech uses hosted
Ethereum-node on Infura over
JSON-RPC protocol, to connect to the Ethereum node. In the case of Tolar
HashNet protocol, 4thTech uses Tolar Gateway which transforms
JSON-RPC calls to
gRPC (i.e. universal RPC framework) calls to connect to the HashNet node. In the case of connecting to the
Solana node, 4thTech uses
4thTech has been up and running for the past three years. This time was also spent exploring and developing solutions in regards to project scalability.
In the case of 4thTech blockchain applications development, developed Docker containers will be integrated into Kubernetes clusters, which will enable the overall scalability and elasticity of the 4thTech systems.
# Security protocols
4thTech utilizes advanced encryption standard (i.e.
AES), with a combination of
RSA encryption and hash algorithm 256 (i.e.
SHA 256) to secure immutable data exchange. The data files are encrypted with a symmetric algorithm (i.e.
AES), as the asymmetric algorithm (i.e.
RSA) is used to encrypt the symmetric key and initialization vector (i.e.
IV) with the public key of the receiver.
4thTech encryption design does not allow an attacker to infer relationships between segments of the encrypted message.
SHA 256 is defined as one of the most secure ways to protect digital information.
SHA 256 is a mathematical process that generates a 256 bit (64 characters long) random sequence of letters and numbers (hash) out of any input. Secure hash algorithm 256 is used to calculate the file content hash value when executing an on-chain data file exchange transaction via smart contract.
(1) enables the monetisation of 4thTech transactions (i.e.
TX) and services through the use of cryptographic tokens;
(2) enables users to “fuel” the dMail & dChat wallet-to-wallet communication
TX with underlying network supported assets (
ETH, TOL, EDG, SOL, GLMR);
FOUR token staking, it can enable users to receive dMail & dChat service fee discounts including right to special features access (i.e. still in concept mode), and;
FOUR token staking, it will enable software, licence & white-label access for end-users and partner projects (i.e. still in concept mode).